Adhesions are fibrous bands that form between tissues and organs, often as a result of injury during surgery. They may be thought of as internal scar tissue that connects tissues not normally connected. Adhesions are tiny crosslinks that rush in to begin the repair process after trauma, which creates scars that last a lifetime.
Adhesions form in three areas:
- tissues the surgeon cuts through to access the surgical site
- where the surgeon cuts, burns, or reattaches tissues that require surgical intervention
- nearby tissues injured by the surgery or inflamed after surgery.
Post-surgical adhesions can grow beyond the surgeon’s initial intent. These additional adhesions may bind neighboring structures that are designed to move independently. When that happens, the post-surgical adhesions and scars can create abnormal pulls in the body, often causing pain or dysfunction.